Six Harmonies of Tai Chi

A teacher of Tai Chi, Huang Sheng Shyan, came up with this list of the six harmonies:

Three internal harmonies
• The heart harmonizes with the intention
• the intention harmonizes with the Chi
• the Chi harmonizes with the movement.
Three external harmonies
• The hips harmonize with the shoulders
• the elbows harmonize with the knees
• the hands harmonize with the feet.

What does this mean? Starting with the external harmonies, we are to keep our hips in line with the shoulders. This means we turn from the center of the body, so that the shoulders move with the hips and not on their own. The elbows stay in alignment with the knee; as the knee bends the elbow sinks, as the knee extends the elbow opens. You can see this very clearly in the high kicks to the corner in the Yang 24 form.

The hands harmonize with the feet, also referred to as the wrist and the ankles. This one is more in-depth, as we consider the opposing statements that “If the feet follow the hands, you will never be defeated” and “there is a connection that occurs throughout the body that starts punch from the sole of the foot to the squeeze of the palm of the hand resulting in the punch itself.” When we move we start with rooting one foot to the floor, the energy sinks from the dan tien down to the floor, and returns up that leg through the body to the extended hand. The other foot moves, with the movement of foot and hand stopping at the same time. According to a post on LinkedIn by Gene Golden, “Both the sole of the foot and the palm have the unique element of many more nerve endings than occur almost anywhere throughout the epidermis. I believe it is part of an integrated communications network that inform the body of the critical element of timing. Pressure to the earth through the sole of the foot alerts the body that it is doing something, squeeze of the fist tells the rest of the body that it is where it is going to culminate. Next the energy flows through the 6 harmonies in a synchronized flow of expanding energy and finally you have punch. How well you integrate these principles and the shorter amount of time it takes place in, determines the amount of power you will have in your punch.”

As to the internal harmonies, it can also be said that the mind leads the breath, the breath leads the blood, the blood leads the power. So we start first with our mind, our intention of how and where we want to move. Our breath, and our qi, follows the mind movement which then leads the power of the muscles to move as our mind has directed. Just a note here, the Chinese do not separate the heart and brain as we do in the West, their concept is more of a heart/brain unity which leads the intention, yi.

As we combine the harmonies of each movement into a fluid form, we realize more about our body, it’s relationship with the world around us, our mind settles down into a focused state, and our energy flows more naturally throughout our bodies, giving us more physical power and greater health.

Speak Your Mind

*